Over the past thirty years I have worked with many people and many forms of addictive patterns and behaviors. Addiction is self-destructive (obvious mostly) but it is fundamentally painful suffering (not so obvious usually). Addictive behaviors are usually planned, meaningful, and non-impulsive. I consider addictions to have a genetic, biological component as well as being heavily influenced by social and environmental factors especially peer groups and rituals. Many people struggling with addictive patterns hold foundational, limiting and sometimes tyranical beliefs about themselves.
"Many people struggling with addictive patterns hold foundational, limiting and sometimes tyrannical beliefs about themselves or others. It may well be that some of these highly charged reclusive belief patterns, often organized early in development, get situated below the level of conscious awareness. There, they can cause considerable mischief."